Croatia

Succession in riparian forest (outlet of Drava and Danuberiver) Photo: P. Vrataric

National coordinator

Davorin Kajba
Dept. of Forest Genetics, Dendrology and Botany
Svetošimunska 25
10 000 Zagreb, Croatia
davorin.kajba@zg.t-com.hr

Quick Info

Letter of Agreement signed on 31 Dec 2014

Member since 1994

Experts

  • Mladen Ivankovic, Croatian Forest Research Institute
  • Davorin Kajba, Dept. of Forest Genetics, Dendrology and Botany
  • Ivana Pešut, Ministry of Agriculture
  • in situ genetic conservation unit
    ex situ genetic conservation unit
    Map Elements

    Focal point

    Mladen Ivankovic
    Croatian Forest Research Institute

    The European Information System on Forest Genetic Resources (EUFGIS) provides geo-referenced and harmonized data on genetic conservation units of forest trees in Europe.

    Management of forest genetic resources in Croatia

    Conservation of genetic diversity of forest tree species in Croatia is based on maintaining sustainable forest management and conserving the structure of natural forest stands, currently making 95 % of the total woodland area.

    Croatia is geographically very diverse and therefore its forests formed various ecological types sensitive to habitat degradation, air and water pollution, excessive use of certain more valuable species of forest trees, as well as other anthropogenic effects, increasing impact of global climatic changes. The majority of forests are state owned and managed by Croatian Forests Co., which are financing research conducted by Faculty of Forestry, University of Zagreb and Croatian Forestry Research Institute, within the Research Work Programme on Management and Conservation of forest genetic resources.

    The genetic conservation of forest trees was initiated by the EUFORGEN programme started in 1994. The principles of genetic variability are incorporated in management of economically most utilized social broadleaves species (Quercus robur, Quercus petraea, Fagus sylvatica). Among the conifers, silver fir (Abies alba) is the most endangered species, with more than 70 % of its population being permanently damaged. Other native coniferous species must be preserved from a decrease in genetic variability as well. Conservation of the noble broadleaves should encompass a larger number of species from various genera (Fraxinus, Alnus, Ulmus, Prunus, Juglans, Castanea, Sorbus, Acer, Malus, Pyrus, Tilia). These are partially endangered because of their exposure to different diseases and pests, as well as by permanent exploitation due to their technical value.

    Changes in hydrological conditions of main rivers have brought about difficulties in regeneration of the riparian forests, and decreased genetic variability of European black and white poplar (Populus nigra, P. alba) in their habitats. In Croatia's coastal areas, there is a need for conservation of genetic resources of Dalmatian black pine (P. nigra ssp. dalmatica) and Mediterranean oaks.

    Further information

    The Ministry of Agriculture is the administrative body responsible for the implementation of national forestry policy.

    State-owned company Hrvatske šume d.o.o. (Croatian forests Ltd) has a mandate to manage the state-owned forests (about 80 % of forests) according to the principals declared in the official documents that have to be approved by the Ministry and the Government.

    A part of the State-owned forests is situated within protected areas, such as national parks, nature parks, protected landscapes and park-forests, which are administrated by the Ministry of Environmental Protection, Physical Planning and Construction

    Forest Extension Service is a public institution specialized in conducting matters on behalf of public authorities, improving management of forests and woodlands in private forests (18 %).

    Faculty of Forestry University of Zagreb is the only forestry higher institution in Croatia and together with the Croatian Forestry Institute, they continuously provide research and expertise to Croatian Forests Ltd on the conservation of the forest genetic resources.

    Croatian Forestry Society

    Croatian Chamber of Forestry and Wood industry engineers

    Ministry of Culture, Directorate for Nature Protection

    External publications

    2007 State of the Environment Report Highlights
    Download
    Forest Reproductive Material and Conservation of Forest Genetic Resources in Croatia
    by Davorin Kajba and Ivan Andrić. 2015
    Download

    EUFORGEN publications