Focal point

Maria Carolina Varela
Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária (INIAV)
Avenida da Republica
2780-159 Nova Oeiras, Portugal

Quick Info

Member in 1994-2009


No Experts
in situ genetic conservation unit
ex situ genetic conservation unit
Map Elements

Focal point

Maria Carolina Varela
Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e Veterinária (INIAV)

The European Information System on Forest Genetic Resources (EUFGIS) provides geo-referenced and harmonized data on genetic conservation units of forest trees in Europe.

Management of forest genetic resources in Portugal

Activities on genetic conservation of forest trees in Portugal started in 1991  after  Portugal had signed Resolution 2 of the Strasbourg Ministerial Conference held in 1990.

Portugal has not yet established a national programme for the conservation of forest genetic resources but various efforts in this regard have been carried out. 

  • Cork oak (Quercus suber), representing widely distributed tree species, was the first species for which  gene conservation efforts were started. Eleven stands, mainly in situ populations, were proposed as gene reserve forests in 1994.

  • Recommendations  for gene conservation of  threatened tree species,  such as poplars (Populus nigra and P. alba) junipers (Juniperus spp.), yew (Taxus baccata) and elms (Ulmus spp.) have been issued for some municipalities, natural parks and state-owned forests that host the species. In suitable areas where the species  occurred in the past, their reintroduction  is encouraged using appropriate genetic material.

  • Conservation of forest genetic resources is part of the curriculum of the forestry courses at universities and colleges.

Further information

Centro Nacional de Sementes Florestais (CENASEF) under Autoridade Florestal Nacional (Forest Service) responsible for the control of forest reproductive material

National strategy for adaptation to climate change:
Comissão Para As Alterações Climáticas - Adaptação às Alterações Climáticas em Portugal - Proposta de Estratégia Nacional

National Strategy and Action Plan for the Conservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity (in English)

Other institutions involved in conservation of forest genetic resources in Portugal:

Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e da Biodiversidade

EUFORGEN publications