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Italy

  [1]

National coordinator

Fulvio Ducci
Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Forestry Research Center (CREA-SEL)
Viale Santa Margherita 80
52100 Arezzo, Italy
Fulvio.ducci@crea.gov.it  [2]

Quick info

Letter of Agreement signed on 16 Feb 2015

Member since 1994

Experts

  • Fulvio Ducci, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Forestry Research Center (CREA-SEL)
  • Maria Cristina Monteverdi, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Forestry Research Center (CREA-SEL)
  • Roberta Proietti , Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Forestry Research Center (CREA-SEL)
  • Maurizio Sabatti, University of Tuscia
  • Alberto Santini, National Research Council of Italy, Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection (CNR)
  • Giovanni Giuseppe Vendramin, National Research Council of Italy, Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources (CNR-IBBR)
  • Lorenzo Vietto, Council for Agricultural Research and Economics - Research Unit for Wood Production Outside Forest (CREA-PLF)
  •   [1]

    Focal point

    Maurizio Marchi
    Forestry Research Centre

    Management of forest genetic resources in Italy

    Mediterranean-type environments rival tropical regions for their biological richness, particularly in terms of plant and forest tree species. In contrast to other parts of the world, however, the Mediterranean basin has a long history of human disturbance that has affected the structure and function of most of the forests and, in general, plant communities in the region. Diversity of plant species has even increased in certain ecosystems as a result of “human-driven relatively rapid evolution under stress by drought, fire, grazing and cutting”.

    Forest trees represent an important component of the Mediterranean flora, where the number of tree species is larger (100) than trees present in Central Europe (30), with the genus Quercus alone presenting more than 20 species in the Mediterranean region. Many of the Holarctic and Eurasian tree species survived during the glacial ages in Mediterranean refugia, including in the Italian peninsula, from where they re-colonized the continent when temperatures rose again at the end of glaciations, about 15 000 to 10 000 years ago. The Mediterranean region also harbours many endemic species such as Pinus leucodermis and Abies nebrodensis (Sicily). Many other tree species, such as beech and silver fir, also have more diverse gene pools in southern Europe, highlighting the need for a more detailed knowledge of the genetic variation of Mediterranean forest trees.

    In 2001, Italy approved a National Strategy for the conservation and sustainable use of forest genetic resources. Guidelines for forest management were also established and a list of measures for the protection, preservation, amelioration and development of the forestry sector were clearly defined. In 2006, a framework programme for the forestry sector (PQSF) was issued, providing support to the individual Italian regions in planning and approving measures in favour of sustainable forest management. The PQSF identifies four priorities for a ten-year period (2009-2019):

    1. Land and environmental protection by enhancing the protective function of forests;
    2. Maximizing their potential for carbon fixation;
    3. Preserving the integrity and health of forest ecosystems;
    4. Conserving and improving biological and landscape diversity.

    Further information

    External publications

    EUFORGEN publications


    Web Address of the page:

    http://www.euforgen.org/member-countries/italy/

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