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Abies nordmanniana
Caucasian fir

Caucasian fir (Abies nordmanniana) is a coniferous evergreen tree with a straight trunk, growing up to 60 m in height. It belongs to the group of Mediterranean firs and is native to the West Caucasus and the mountains of northeast Turkey, along the coast of the Black Sea.

The wood of the Caucasian fir is white and soft and used for general construction, veneer, plywood and in the paper industry. The tree keeps its needles longer than many other Abies species when taken indoors, making it a popular Christmas tree.

It is mainly found in the altitude of 900-2200 m, but is the only Mediterranean Abies species also found at sea level.

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