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Corylus colurna
Turkish hazel

Turkish hazel (Corylus colurna) is a medium-sized, fast-growing deciduous tree. It is native to south-east Europe and Asia Minor but has been cultivated far beyond this range.  

The wood of Turkish hazel is of good quality and is used for cabinetry and veneer. The hazelnut is a food source for wild animals but is also used for making confectionery and is thus of great economic value. The tree is often planted for ornamental purposes in parks and along roadsides, given its ability to tolerate urban stresses, including air pollution, poor drainage and compacted soil. Furthermore, the tree is used for stabilising soils and its leaves are used as cattle fodder.

Turkish hazel grows in most soils but prefers those which are rather moist. The tree is, however, drought-resistant when established and is unable to grow in the shade. 

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