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Juniperus excelsa
Greek juniper

Greek juniper (Juniperus excelsa) is a long-living coniferous tree or shrub with scaled leaves. It is found in the mountainous areas of the eastern Mediterranean Basin and the Black and Caspian Seas.

The tree’s fragrant wood is of good quality and used for constructions and firewood, while also burned for incense. Its bark is locally used as a material for roofing. In some areas, the tree is the only coniferous species found at the tree line, thus serving as a great contributor to the local ecosystem.  

Greek juniper is indifferent to soil type but does prefer well-drained soils. However, it also tolerates drought and is able to live in harsh climatic conditions, often occurring as a pioneer species. The Greek juniper prefers abundant light and is very limited by shade. 

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