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Ostrya carpinifolia
Hop hornbeam

Hop hornbeam (Ostrya carpinifolia) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree native to southern Europe, the Balkans, Western Asia and the Caucasus region.

The tree’s wood quality is poor and of little commercial interest, except for use as firewood, for which it is still managed as coppices in Italy. The tree is a light-demanding pioneer species in its northern range and is used for reforestation in degraded and dry sites. In its southern range, the tree grows best in shady and humid conditions. It is a hosting tree for the white truffle and is also used as an ornamental in urban parks and along roadsides.

The hop hornbeam often grows in rocky, shallow and poor limestone soils and usually on sunny hillsides facing south or as a dominating species in the understorey of sub-Mediterranean forests; occasionally it reaches elevations up to 1400 m.

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