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Phoenix theophrasti
Cretan date palm

Cretan date palm (Phoenix theophrasti) is one of the only three palms endemic to Europe. It grows naturally on the island of Crete in southern Greece and in south-west Turkey. The palm grows up to 17 m high, with leaves up to 4 m long.

Cretan date palm has no commercial value, but its leaves are used when celebrating Palm Sunday in Crete.

The palm is found in coastal areas, within a few meters from the seaside or along stream banks and rocky gullies. It grows in sandy or rocky calcareous soils in warm spots and is able to tolerate salt from sea water and salty winds. The altitudinal limit is 250 m above sea level.

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