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Pinus contorta
Lodgepole pine

Lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta) is medium-sized coniferous shrub or tree native to western parts of North America. It has been widely cultivated is now naturally found throughout the rest of America, in Europe and in New Zealand.

The lodgepole pine is an important timber tree, mainly used for pulpwood but also for general constructions and particleboards. In some sites, the tree is planted to form shelterbelts and for erosion control. The tree is a light-demanding pioneer species and is particularly good at quickly colonizing poor soils after forest fires or other disturbances - sometimes to such an extent that it is considered invasive in places outside its natural distribution.

The lodgepole pine has a wide ecological range and grows on various soils. It is resistant to air pollution, salt-laden winds and spring frost and is able to adapt to different climatic conditions. The tree tolerates precipitation ranging from 250 - 5000 mm per year, in elevations from near sea level up to 3350 m.

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