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Populus alba
White poplar

White poplar (Populus alba) is a medium-sized, fast-growing deciduous tree with a wide distribution range from the Mediterranean to central Asia. It has been introduced, and later naturalized, globally and is considered invasive in some countries. In Europe, the tree is found in the central and southern regions.

White poplar is valued as an ornamental due to its two-coloured foliage, giving the tree a silvery appearance. It is a healthy tree, useful for soil stabilisation and watershed protection. The tree is a key ecological component of riparian forest systems, where it contributes to biodiversity. The tree’s wood is not durable for construction; however, due to its fast growth and strong regenerating abilities, it is useful for producing biomass energy, pulp and pellets.  

The white poplar is a pioneer species, found in humid areas, along rivers, in forest edges and in riparian forest lands. It is tolerant to salt and is used in coastal areas for windbreaks and stabilising sand dunes. The tree requires plenty of light, good access to water and a well-textured soil.

Access the European database on poplar clones  [1]

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