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Quercus frainetto
Hungarian oak

Hungarian oak (Quercus frainetto) is a large deciduous tree that, despite its name, is native to the Balkan Peninsula, southern Italy and north-west Turkey.

It is commonly used for firewood and, in Greece, in particular, it is managed as coppice forest, in combination with livestock grazing. As with other oak species, the tree’s acorns are an important food source for several animals. Furthermore, the tree’s bark is a commercial source for tannin.

The Hungarian oak is light-demanding and tolerant to temporary heat, a degree of drought and waterlogging. It grows in acidic soils, usually in mixed stands with other oak species sharing the same distribution area. Its natural climate includes hot summers and harsh winters.

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